Simulation-based Comparison between Reactive and Proactive Routing Protocols


Ibrahim M M Mohamed, Miftah Adim Khalleefah

Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are widely used in recent years due to its ease of installation and configuration, and its success in a wide range of applications, such as military operations, health monitoring, and detection of natural disasters. A MANET consists of a group of mobile nodes that are formed spontaneously, i.e., no specific topology is followed. The main objective of this paper is to compare the performance of MANETs when either a reactive or proactive routing protocol is employed as its routing method. The Ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV), and the destination-sequenced distance-vector (DSDV) routing protocols were chosen for the comparison as they are the most commonly used reactive and proactive routing protocols. The comparison was based on a simulation method in which the network simulator (NS-2.35) and network scenario generator (NSG2.1) were used to perform the comparison process. Network metrics, such as packet delivery ratio (PDR), throughput, routing overhead, and packet loss, were involved in the comparison process as referenced values. Based on the results obtained, a MANET that employs an AODV protocol would have a better performance as it exhibits a higher packet delivery ratio, higher throughput, lower routing overhead, and lower packet loss.


Share this article

Get the App