Silvia Antonia Brandan

In the present work, the free base, cationic and hydrochloride species of the anti-histaminic diphenhydramine drug were theoretically studied by using the hybrid B3LYP/6-311++G** calculations in the gas phase and the experimental available infrared and Raman spectra for the hydrochloride form in the solid phase. Here, the 114, 117 and 120 vibration normal modes expected for the free base, cationic and hydrochloride species of DPH, respectively were reported together with their corresponding force fields at the same level of theory. The atomic NPA and Mulliken charges, molecular electrostatic potentials, bond orders, main delocalization energies and topological properties were studied for those three species of DPH. The results show that the cationic species presents the higher dipole moment value, as expected because this species is charged while the presence of Cl atom justifies the higher volume observed for the hydrochloride species. Very good correlations were found between the theoretical and experimental available geometrical parameters for the hydrochloride species of DPH. The NBO and AIM analyses show the high stability of the hydrochloride species due to the presence of one H bond and two halogen bonds different from only one H bond observed in other two species of DPH. The evaluations of the frontier orbitals show that the hydrochloride form is the most reactive due to its low gap value while the cationic form is the less reactive. The comparisons of the gap values for the three species of DPH with other similar species containing the N-CH3 groups, such as the tropane, cocaine and morphine alkaloids, have showed that the three species of DPH have practically the same reactivities while in the three forms of those alkaloids the values are very different among them, presenting the three forms of tropane the lowest reactivities. Hence, the three species of DPH, with two N-CH3 groups, have apparently the same reactivities than the cationic form of cocaine. Finally, the vibrational analyses for the three species of DPH evidence that the presence of two halogen bonds and one H bond in the hydrochloride species of DPH, due to the Cl atom, produce a shifting of deformation bR1(A1) ring mode of a ring with respect to the other bR1(A2) while in the free base and cationic the deformation rings modes of both rings are predicted at the same wavenumbers.


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